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Word of the Day
jumhur fukaha
Majority of scholars
No. Arabic Term English Term Literally English
1 Ja'ihah Calamity Literally: a great disaster afflicting wealth; for instance frost or excessive heat that destroys a fruit crop. Calamities are divided into two types: 1) acts of God in which humans play no role; 2) those caused by humans, such as the ravages of an invading army. The Prophet (peace be upon him) gave orders for wad’ al-ja’ihah. That means that zakah should not be taken from the yield of a crop beset by a calamity. It also means that the seller should not take compensation from the buyer for what gets destroyed by a calamity. In one narration he said, “If you were to sell fruit to your brother and it is then beset by a calamity, it is not lawful for you to take anything from him. How can you take the right of your brother without justification?” Jurists agree that both zakah and the counter-value are to be waived for a fruit crop beset by a natural disaster. Malikis ruled that if it is widely known about any type of disaster that it cannot be averted, whether it is natural or caused by humans, the same law applies.
2 Ja'izah Prize Literally and Technically: something given as compensation, or it may be given to honor someone, such as a guest. The Prophet (peace be upon him) said, “Honor (ajizu) delegations as I have done.” The basic rule for rewards is that they are permissible unless external illegal factors are mixed with them, such as usury, uncertainty or gambling. Prizes provided by a third party to competitors in a contest are legal, but if the competitors themselves contribute to a prize that one of them will win, this is considered gambling and is prohibited.
3 Ja'izah, Mukafa'ah & Ujrah Reward, Bonus & Wage n/a
4 Jahalah Ignorance Literally: lack of knowledge about something.
5 Jawaz al-'aqd Contract Permissibility Literally: jawaz is acceptance and validity. That a contract is permitted (ja'iz) meansit has been executed and concluded correctly.
6 Ji'alah Wage Contract Literally: compensation given for a service
7 Jibayah Tax Collection Literally: to collect and gather; it can be used for collecting zakah.
8 Jidah Affluence Literally: derived from wujud: literally, existence, but also, wealth; wajid: wealthy.
9 Jihat al-waqf Endowment Recipient n/a
10 Ju'l Remuneration for a Task Literally: compensation for a given service.
11 Juhud Denial Literally: to deny what one knows to be true. Allah, the Exalted, said: ﴿وَجَحَدُوا اِهبَ وَاسْتَيْقَنَتْهَا أَنفُسُهُمْ﴾ “And they rejected [those signs] in iniquity and arrogance, though their souls acknowledged them” Surah al-Naml (27):14. A denier is called jahid, while the matter being denied is majhud.
12 jumhur fukaha Majority of scholars
13 Juzaf Sale of Unmeasured Foodstuff Literally: to take a lot of something; originally, a Persian word; jazf: something of unknown weight or volume.